Circa 1905 – 1930
The Craftsman style originated in California and was spread throughout suburban America by pattern books and magazines. Craftsmen styled homes tended to be single story but some examples had a half level underneath the gables. The basic subtypes of the Craftsman form included a simple from-gabled roof with a porch, a cross-gabled form with dormers, a side-gabled roof type, and in rare cases, a hipped roof form with a porch. Most Craftsman homes had either a full facade porch, or some son of entry porch, that was supported by short columns that sat on large masonry piers. The porch elements rested on the ground level and terminated above the porch floor.
A very distinctive feature of Craftsman homes was that the junction between the walls and the roof were left open. This meant that the roof substantially overhung the wall and often the rafters were left exposed or faux rafter tails were installed to give the appearance of exposed rafters. Often triangular knee braces or false beams were used to embellish the roof overhang and brackets could also be found on many gables and dormers that were on the home. Craftsman windows were often transomed or grouped in lines of three or more.
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