“Brookgreen, now the famous Brookgreen Gardens, is said by Miss Susan L. Allston, a student of family history, to have been named for a stream surrounded by green meadows called Brookgreen near Hammersmith, Middlesex, England. William Allston, a grandson of the immigrant, John Allston, began the plantation. Here, William’s distinguished son, Washington Allston, the artist, was bom in 1779. ” (Information from: Names in South Carolina by C.H. Neuffer, Published by the S.C. Dept. of English, USC)
City Directories and History: Brookgreen Gardens is known today as a botanical and sculpture garden. The nominated portion of the Gardens covers 1600 acres and includes three 18th and 19th century plantation sites, old plantation rice fields, and garden areas complete with sculpture. The property has significance in multiple areas, including art, archeology, agriculture, landscape architecture, military, politics/government, cemeteries, and social history. The Brookgreen Gardens property was part of an early rice plantation system that developed on the banks of the Waccamaw River in the 18th century.
William Allston (1738-1781) developed the land into a plantation ca. 1760. He was the father of internationally noted artist Washington Allston, born here in 1779. Joseph Allston, Governor of South Carolina from 1812 to 1814 is buried here. Robert F.W. Allston, born here in 1801, was Governor of South Carolina from 1856 to 1858. Other persons associated with the plantations on the Brookgreen property include Joshua Ward, a noted agriculturist who developed long-grain rice, and Pulitzer Prize winning author Julia Peterkin. Brookgreen Garden’s founders, Archer Milton Huntington and Anna Hyatt Huntington, purchased the property in 1930 and developed it into a garden and sculpture museum. Anna Hyatt Huntington was a well-known sculptor, and some of her work is included in the gardens she designed. The site is considered to be the largest outdoor museum of sculpture in the United States. Listed in the National Register April 15, 1978; Designated a National Historic Landmark October 5, 1992. [Courtesy of the SC Dept. of Archives and History]
“Ward, Col. Joshua John (estate of) of “Brookgreen” plantation, “Magnolia” summer residence, and Charleston. Born Nov. 24, 1800 (S.C.); married Mar. 14, 1825, Joanna Douglass Hasell (June 4, 1805-Dec. 14, 1878); died Feb. 27, 1853. Education: “in Scotland.” Church: Episcopalian (Warden, All Saints’, Waccamaw) . Public Service: Commissioner of Free Schools; Justice of the Peace; State Representative; State Senator; Lieut. Gov.; Colonel. Other: Trustee, All Saints’ Academy and S. C. College; member, Winyah Indigo Society. Slaves: 1,130 (Lower All Saints’ Parish, Georgetown District; listed in Census as attached to “Brookgreen,” “Alderly,” “Prospect Hill,” “Springfield,” and “Longwood” plantations).”
The Last Foray, C. Gaston Davidson, SC Press – 1971
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