City Directories and History: Identified as the home White Gables in 1979. White Gables – (603 West Richardson Avenue) ca. 1830s, two stories. Clapboard and masonry. Tin medium gable roof with three pedimented dormers. 2 story, five bay portico across front facade. 6 square pillars on ground floor; 6 slender unfluted columns with balustrade on 2nd. 1st and 2nd floor entrance ways have transom and sidelights. Four 6/6 windows with louvered shutters on both floors. Metal window sills on first floor. Private residence, once used as resort inn.
Summerville originated as a pineland summer refuge for low country planters. Originally the
streets were laid out without any plan and winding roads still characterize the oldest section of town. This “old town” lies in the southwestern portion of the historic district and contains about two thirds of the land and half the structures of the district. The South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company laid out the more regular “new town” in 1832. Streets run parallel and at right angles to the track laid in 1830-1831. The “old town” and that portion of the “new town” were incorporated into the village of Summerville in 1847. Following the Civil War, wealthy northerners began wintering there. The town’s designation in 1887 as a health spot gave it an impetus as a resort, which was not lost until the Depression of the 1930s. There are approximately seven hundred structures within the nominated area; about 70% predate World War I. Uniting the different building styles of the town is a common sensitivity to the natural setting and to the local landscaping traditions reflected in streetscapes, parks and gardens. Raised cottages, Greek Revival influenced, and Victorian/Queen Anne and other turn of the century structures are found throughout. Antebellum buildings are principally located in the southern and western areas. Churches are located in the center of the district, and the commercial buildings—most dating from around 1900—are located on either side of the town square in front of the present town hall, which faces the railroad. Additionally, Summerville has been the center for azalea culture and there is a variety of azaleas popularly named “The Pride of Summerville.” Listed in the National Register May 19, 1976.
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