“An important historic site in the S.C. upcountry.”
City Directories and History: The Walnut Grove house, outbuildings, and furnishings provide a fully documented picture of life, and an example of social history, in upcountry South Carolina prior to 1830. The house itself is considered one of the finest remaining upcountry plantation houses of the period. Built about 1765 by Charles Moore, a Scotch-Irish immigrant who had moved from the Middle Atlantic colonies into Piedmont South Carolina, the Walnut Grove Plantation house reflects the Scotch-Irish flow of immigration down into the Carolina upcountry, as opposed to the upward flow from the Carolina coast. Its plan and construction are in part indigenous to the Piedmont, in
part influenced by rural Pennsylvania Dutch architecture. Of simple Georgian style, the two-story structure is of un-chinked logs covered with clapboards. Late Queen Anne mantels, fielded paneling, and double-shouldered chimneys are among its distinctive features. Separate outbuildings include a kitchen, built about 1777, and an academy building that doubled as a weaving room. The Rocky Spring Academy at Walnut Grove was established by Moore, one of two classical schools in the county, operating from 1770-1850. Other separate log buildings reconstructed as part of the plantation complex include a well and spring house, a workshop, a smoke house, and a blacksmith shop and forge. About 500 yards west of the main house is the Moore family cemetery. The plantation name came from the walnut trees planted around the house. Listed in the National Register July 1, 1970.
View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property(Courtesy of South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
“Nearby is Walnut Grove built 1765 by Charles Moore, a Scotch-Irish settler who came from the Middle Atlantic colonies into Piedmont South Carolina. Of simple Georgian style, the two-story structure is of un-chinked logs covered with clapboards, the-house, furnishings, and outbuildings combining to provide a well documented picture of life in upcountry South Carolina prior to 1830. Walnut Grove also is historically interesting through its connections with the Revolutionary War, and such names as Captain Andrew Barry and his wife Kate, General Thomas Moore, General Daniel Morgan, Banastre Tarleton, Bloody Bill Cunningham.
Information from: Names in South Carolina by C.H. Neuffer, Published by the S.C. Dept. of English, USC
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