City Directories and History: R&R has divided the 1940 SCDOT map of Richland County into (32) sectional maps. Many of the individually listed schools and churches shown on this section are pictured. However, in many cases, the individual site also has its own post on R&R, which often provides added information and image. Be wise and use the search function to locate all of the entries for this and other homeplace listings.
On the bluff road below Adams Pond, about twenty miles south of Columbia, a section of Richland County became known as the Pin Cushion. This title was derived by folk etymology from the family name Pinkussohn. The land was owned for many year by the Pinkussohn family, who operated a fancy tobacco store on the 1300 block of Main Street, Columbia, SC. After years passed and the family no longer resided in the county, rural residents garbled Pinkussohn to Pin Cushion; and it is by this designation that it passed today. Richard Maher and contributors of Havilah Babcock and Pierre F. LaBode – Names in S.C. Winter – 1954.
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The Millwood site is the ruins of the first Millwood. Built sometime after 1815, most likely in the 1830s, Millwood was an ambitious Greek Revival mansion with a central pile and matched wings. In February 1865, General W. T. Sherman’s troops burned the house, leaving only chimneys, foundation piers and twelve brick pillars. The house had, of course, been frame. The ruins also include the ruins of a smokehouse and a wine-house. Millwood was originally the home of Colonel Wade Hampton II, a famous sportsman and horseman of the first half of the nineteenth century. He was, in the winter of 1835, heir of one of the largest fortunes in America, that of his father General Wade Hampton. Hampton II became well known for his hospitality, his horses and his famous friends. He died in 1858, $300,000 in debt. His son, Wade Hampton III, was a general in the Confederate army. While the home belong to Hampton III’s unmarried sisters, General Sherman burned it down as a symbol of the leadership of Hampton. Hampton III later emerged to serve as Governor and as U.S. Senator, dying in 1902. Listed in the National Register March 18, 1971. [Courtesy of the SC Dept. of Archives and History]
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