North Santee River Road off #17
City Directories and History: Annandale Plantation, originally named Millbrook, the site of the first tide-operated rice mill constructed in the state (ca. 1792), is one of South Carolina’s finest remaining examples of the rice-plantation era. During the 1850s, Annandale was among the most prosperous of the rice plantations, working approximately 230 slaves and producing 900,000
pounds of rice. Andrew Johnston’s father bequeathed the property to him, and he built the present plantation house in 1833. At that time he renamed the property Annandale after the birthplace of his ancestors in Annandale, Scotland.
This two story Greek Revival structure, c.1833, is an excellent example of its style and period, and the giant-order quasi-Tuscan portico sets it off splendidly. The vent in the pediment is a later addition. A rear addition was skillfully integrated into the existing structure ca. 1880; an additional wing to the north was constructed in 1966. All interior moulding details in the front of the house are original. They include the paneled doors, window frames and sills, and beaded baseboards. Window and door frame treatments use square corner blocks, into which are carved acanthus leaves. Situated in a grove of live oaks and landscaped gardens, Annandale includes two existing outbuildings: a slave cabin which has been converted into a recreation building and the plantation-doctor’s house, now a residence. Listed in the National Register October 25, 1973. [Courtesy of the SC Dept. of Archives and History]
IMAGE GALLERY via photographer Bill Segars – 2006
“Johnstone, Andrew of “Annandale” plantation and “Beaumont” at Flat Rock, N.C. Born Mar. 13, 1805 (S.C.); married Dec. 13, 1826, Sophia Beaumont Clarkson (Aug. 24, 1808-Sept. 17, 1845) and Feb. 24, 1848, Mary Barnwell Elliott (Aug. 27, 1824-Mar. 4, 1909); died June 10, 1864. Church: Episcopalian (Vestryman, Church of the Messiah and St. John’s in the Wilderness). Public Service: Justice of the Quorum (?) Slaves: 214 (Prince George, Winyah, Parish, Georgetown District).”
The Last Foray, C. Gaston Davidson, SC Press – 1971
“Annandale plantation on the North Santee river is another place
with a Scottish name. Formerly Millbrook, the plantation belonged before The War Between the States to the Johnstone family. Andrew
Johnstone, as a young man in the early 19th century, went abroad and on his trip met kinsmen in Scotland. He decided that on his return home he would rename his Santee property Annandale for the home of his Scotch relatives and, also, would erect there a suitably impressive mansion to go with the name. These plans he did carry out, and the columned house built at Annandale in 1833 still stands. George A. Trenholm, last Confederate secretary of the treasury, owned this plantation for two years during the war.”
Information from: Names in South Carolina by C.H. Neuffer, Published by the S.C. Dept. of English, USC
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