City Directories and History: The Old Colleton County Jail is a stuccoed brick building built in 1855-56 by J. and B. Lucas of Charleston in the Gothic Revival style. The building is significant architecturally as a fine example of Gothic design in a cultural area where Gothic architecture is a rarity. Its architects, Edward C. Jones and Francis D. Lee, were well known in Charleston and throughout the state. They were in high demand at this time, with designs including courthouses, churches, college buildings, businesses and private residences all over South Carolina. The jail in part resembles a miniature, fortified castle. The front facade has crenellated parapets, turret-like structures at either corner, and a massive central tower above the main entrance. The main entrance is shielded by an
extended, enclosed porch with buttresses and a central pointed archway entrance at the front and narrow slit windows on the sides. A large lancet window with hood mold is set in the massive central tower above the main entrance. Hood molds also accent the remaining windows on the front façade. Listed in the National Register May 14, 1971. [Courtesy of the SC Dept. of Archives and History]
“The Old Colleton County Jail, built in 1855, was designed by Edward C. Jones and Francis D. Lee, noted Charleston architects, and constructed by J&B Lucas. This building replaced the jail built in 1822 and located directly behind the courthouse. The Second Revival Period building is in the Gothic Revival style and resembles a miniature fortified castle. The two-story brick structure has a crenelated parapet and turret-like structures at either corner, with a massive tower above the main entrance. A large multi-paned, lancet arch window is set in the massive tower above the main entrance, which shielded by an extended enclosed porch. The entrance to the porch through a pointed archway. The building was used as the county jail until 1937, when it became county offices. The building is now used by the Colleton County Recreation Commission.”
Information from: Historic Resources of the Lowcountry, The Lowcountry Council of Government, Cynthia C. Jenkins, Preservation Planner – Published, 1979
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