110 Calhoun Street
City Directories and History: The Church of the Cross, ca. 1857, is significant architecturally as a design of Edward Brickell White. White (1806-1882), a prolific engineer and architect of the mid-nineteenth century, was proficient in a wide range of styles: Classic, Renaissance, and Gothic Revival. White designed numerous churches, schools, office buildings and commercial structures in South Carolina. The cruciform
shaped Church of the Cross, completed in 1857, is one of his Gothic Revival designs, but differs from the stuccoed, more formal churches of Charleston and Columbia. The Carpenter Gothic style with board and batten exterior and interior open timbered roof is in keeping with the church’s scenic, rural setting. The architect’s choice of material, unfinished cypress, and his use of proportion and design, confirm his sensitivity to the character of the small church. Located on a bluff overlooking the May River, the church is surrounded by live oak and palmetto trees. In 1960 a parish house, which is included in the area nominated, was built in a style compatible with the church, using cruciform plan, pointed arch windows and doors, and weathered cypress siding. Listed in the National Register May 29, 1975. [Courtesy of the SC Dept. of Archives and History]
“Edwin Brickell White was the architect of the Church of the Cross. Built in the Gothic Revival style, the church was completed in 1857 at a cost of $5,000. The cruciform-shaped, Carpenter-Gothic style church was not built according to White’s plan, which included towers and a vestibule. The front (east) facade has a central pointed-arch doorway flanked by two shuttered lancet windows. Above the doorway is a tripartite lancet window with smaller trefoil-shaped windows on either side. The lancet-arch motif also appears on bays of the north and south facades. The north end of the transept has a gabled protrusion and an open bell tower.
Interior walls are plastered in a shade of pale pink. The pews are the early box type. Exposed beams of hard yellow pine support the roof. The carved wooden balustrade of the galleries repeats the pointed arch motif of the bays.”
Information from: Historic Resources of the Lowcountry, The Lowcountry Council of Government, Cynthia C. Jenkins, Preservation Planner – Published, 1979
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IMAGE GALLERY via photographer Bill Segars – 2006
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